Following a 2005 initiative of the European Roma and Travellers Forum, this year the State Secretary for Social Inclusion of Hungary deems it important to commemorate for the second time the day of Courage and Romani Youth, together with many other European countries.
On 21 May 2016 in the National Theatre in Budapest, we will commemorate the courage that the Roma people showed in the Zigeunerlager of Auschwitz-Birkenau on 16 May 1944.
• Let's commemorate the heroes!
• Their sacrifice was not in vain.
The Roma Production Office ("Roma Produkciós Iroda") will commemorate the victims with an evening of music and literature, with the participation of prominent contemporary artists.
The programme will include classical music, traditional gypsy and folklore music, memoirs, pieces of contemporary literature, background visual elements, pictures and extracts from films - combined with testimonies of survivors [of the Roma camp].
These are the artists and actors who will perform:
Törőcsik Mari, the actor of the nation
Béres Ilona, actor
Nyári Oszkár, actor
Farkas Dénes, actor
Snétberger Ferenc, guitarist
Balázs János, pianist
Lendvai József, violinist
Szirtes Edina Mókus, violinist
Cserta Balázs, clarinettist
Danis András Kongó, folk musician
Boda Péter, singer
Beck Zoltán and the Gypsyndrom
Kalla Sándor and his Gypsy band
Balogh Zsolt and his Folk band
Romano Glaso Folk Band
Speeches delivered by:
Ms. Langerné Victor Katalin, Deputy State Secretary
Mr. Áder János, President of Hungary
Mr. Zoltán Balog, Minister of Human Resources
The places of destruction
A few months after the German National Socialists came to power in 1933 the concentration camps were already operational. These camps were the places were the Nazi rule was upheld and their racial ideology was put into practice. Apart from “extermination through work” the aim of the camps was the systematic killing of people qualified as inferior and the elimination of political enemies.
In 1943 Himmler took over the command of the camps. That is when the smaller camps were phased out and larger camps were created: Sachsenhausen in 1936, Buchenwald in 1937, Mauthausen in 1938, Ravensbruck in 1939. Concentration and labour camps were also established in the countries under Nazi occupation.
After the fall of Poland, the East Upper Silesia was annexed to the Reich. Here the concentration camp of Auschwitz was built by Himmler’s order of 27 April 1940. The first arrivals took place in June 1940. In 1941 Himmler ordered the construction of a new part of the camp in Birkenau, 3 km away from Auschwitz. The main camp was called Auschwitz I, whereas the second was named Auschwitz-Birkenau. There was also another camp called Auschwitz III in Monowitz. Auschwitz-Birkenau was the largest and at the same time the most inhuman. The crematoriums and the gas chambers were here, as well as the family camp for the Roma.
More Information and the brochure of the event are available here: http://www.2august.ertf.org/News/index.php/;focus=HSTPTP_cm4all_com_widgets_News_4201257&path=?m=d&a=20160515105250-1737&cp=1#HSTPTP_cm4all_com_widgets_News_4201257